Linux Containers (LXC) with LXD Hypervisor, Part 3 : Transferring Files Between Host and Container

Other articles in the series:
In this part 3, we're going to explore on how to copy file(s) from the host to the container and vice versa. Copying file from the host to the container is simply just using the 'lxc file push <filename> <container-name>/' command. You must append a forward slash (/), to indicate a directory name to the container name for it to work as shown below.
$ echo "a" > foobar
$ md5sum foobar 
60b725f10c9c85c70d97880dfe8191b3  foobar
$
$ lxc file push foobar test-centos-6
error: Invalid target test-centos-6
$
$ lxc file push foobar test-centos-6/tmp
error: exit status 255: mntns dir: /proc/16875/ns/mnt
open container: Is a directory

$ lxc file push foobar test-centos-6/tmp

Similarly, the copy file from container, just use the 'lxc file pull <container-name>/ <filename> .' command. Remember to put the dot (.) which indicates the destination or current folder.
$ lxc file pull test-centos-6/tmp/foobar .
$ md5sum foobar
60b725f10c9c85c70d97880dfe8191b3  foobar

As LXC is actually a glorify chroot environment container. You can actually create or copy files or folders from and to the chroot directory directly.
$ cd /var/lib/lxd/containers/test-centos-6/rootfs/tmp
$ touch create_file_directly_in_chroot_folder

Repeat the similar steps but in the container.
$ lxc exec test-centos-6 /bin/bash
$ cd /tmp
$ touch create_file_directly_in_container

Checking these files from the host. Note the file permissions.
$ ll /var/lib/lxd/containers/test-centos-6/rootfs/tmp/
total 0
-rw-rw-r-- 1 ang    ang    0 Sep  29 02:00 create_file_directly_in_chroot_folder
-rw-r--r-- 1 100000 100000 0 Sep  29 02:00 create_file_directly_in_container

Similarly, but inside the LXC container.
[root@test-centos-6 tmp]# ll
total 0
-rw-rw-r-- 1 65534 65534 0 Sep 28 14:00 create_file_directly_in_chroot_folder
-rw-r--r-- 1 root  root  0 Sep 28 14:00 create_file_directly_in_container

While this is doable, we shouldn't create files or folders directly in the container chroot folder from the host. Use the 'lxc push' and 'lxc pull' command to preserve the file permissions.

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