This Week I Learned 2018 - Week 28

Last week post or something else from archive.

Why Aloha shirt is still not a common official men wear here? Via HN. We're living in a tropical country and yet our normal office wear is following western style. On the related note, the history of Aloha shirt was an interesting read as well.

Looking to get started in medication but don't want to fork our money? Look into the UCLA's Guided Meditations audio tracks. Download all and make it a playlist.

What the difference between informational support and emotional support? If your SO talked to you about her problems, just shut up and listen. Do not offer any solutions to her problem. Just listen and understand. Discussion at Reddit agreed with that. Don't assume. Ask or request what you want, if possible, explicitly. If you consult a doctor, are you going to tell the doctor that you're sick and he/she should know what sickness you've without you disclosing more specific details?

Stuck at your current tasks or your goals during the weekend? Chop wood, carry water.

Looking for food pyramid in the context of MY? Yes, it seemed we have a guide or alternative summarized version that from Ministry of Health. While we at it, there is another guide for low cholesterol diet as well. Why they don't provide a printable PDF version or compile everything into a booklet instead?

You know what is craziness when comes to set up your home network? Unnecessary and over-engineered enterprise level setup.

Joining the Utrawide Master Race but short on moolah? On first look, the LG 29WK600-W looks like a good choice if you're short of cash. However, it's best to check the actual specifications of the monitor before making any purchase. The panel bit depth is actually 6-bits + RFC and not really 8-bits, hence the 16.7 millions colours is overstatement. While the split screen functionality is nice, it has it's own security issue if you're running Windows. For GNU/Linux, there is Fake Xinerama or gTile (if you're using GNOME) that simulates several virtual monitors.

Setting up a home audio studio? This advice is a good way to start.

Is Anabas testudineus (also known as Puyu in Malay) suitable for consumption? Yes, and it's being massed produced as ornamental fish (gold colour variation) or as food source. I've long knew this fish but never realized that it actually travel through dry land to mate as shown in video below. And the hormone that the breeder used is most likely Ovaprim or GnRH, a spawning agent to induce breeding for fishes in captivity.

Do no feed the female Betta a day before breeding and let mating happened after 6pm because cooler temperature is good for bredding Betta? The issue with online resources when come to fish breeding procedures is it's quite hard to differentiate anecdotal experience or scientific result.

Betta Fish Growth Table

When breeding Betta fish, how do we know that the Betta fry is growing at the right rate? In the Interweb, most web sites will point to this growth chart of the Wayne's Betta pages. However, the measurement used in the page was not in metric system and it's always hard for us. Hence, we used the information from the page and converted it to metric system.

Note that this growth rate is based on normal Betta fish (Betta Splendens) and may not be suitable for Giant Betta which have different growth rate than normal Betta. Also we've extrapolated the growth rate for week 12.

This Week I Learned 2018 - Week 27

Last week post or something from the archive.

How does we diagnostic aquarium tropical fish diseases? There are many ways and this diagnostic website (there is another one with better graphic) provides a quick way to identify the actual disease based on several symptoms. Aquarium Co-Op recommends three medications besides all quarantine any fishes into this aquarium store. MSR also used similar way. We're a bit concern on the usage of Erythromycin (which is an antibiotic) as it may cause antimicrobial resistance. Moreover, we're not sure about the side effect of long term exposure towards human to this medications. Unless you're managing a aquarium store, it's best to use natural ingredients (garlic or Indian Almond leaves) instead.

Buying new headphones? I've been asked this question numerous time for the past week. Just visit Audio Guide. One thing I've learned is that budget aside, you can pick the head phone based on different sound signatures such as V-shaped, bright, neutral, dark, warm, and mid-forward (names can be different). I was wondering how does this apply to Hi-Fi system? More posts on this in coming future regarding these audio signatures.

What sound track for testing your audio equipment? I recently rediscover Yosi Horikawa. His Vapor album is a good start. A mix of nature sounds, human voice, and music mixed together.

Can you suggest one way to improve your writing? Vary your sentence length. Gary Provost gave a good example in his book "100 ways to improve your writing" as shown below.

Monotonous 5-words sentence.
This sentence has five words. Here are five more words. Five-word sentences are fine. But several together become monotonous. Listen to what is happening. The writing is getting boring. The sound of it drones. It's like a stuck record. The ear demands some variety. 
Varying sentence length.
Now listen. I vary the sentence length, and I create music. Music. The writing sings. It has a pleasant rhythm, a lilt, a harmony. I use short sentences. And I use sentences of medium length. And sometimes when I am certain the reader is rested, I will engage him with a sentence of considerable length, a sentence that burns with energy and builds with all the impetus of a crescendo, the roll of the drums, the crash of the cymbals--sounds that say listen to this, it is important.
Picking up React? What the best way for seasonal developer to start? React from zero (via HN). Note that web components (custom HTML element) may seemed to overlap (some part of it) with React.

Is this capitalism? Regardless how much you earn, there should be a threshold amount where you will reach an equilibrium of having enough and not being a slave to your money.

How will the 2018/2019 NBA season looks like? This comic said it all (via 老崔愛叭噗). The weird thing was the NBA free agency was way more bizarre and shocking than the FIFA world cup. Talked to a few people and the general consensus was that FIFA this time was quite boring.

NASA and FBI, what the difference? The former is an abbreviation where you can pronounce it as a word. Meanwhile, the later is an initialism or alphabetism where you pronounce it as individual alphabet. 

Thinkpad X230 : Updating BIOS through Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

As far as I remembered, I've never really updated any BIOS for any machine before. Due to some weird circumstances that caused my to stuck at a place for long period, might as well update this lappy's BIOS while waiting. Based on the Think Wiki site, there are several ways to update BIOS in GNU/Linux. Below notes were my experiences using both method.

First thing first, we need to check the BIOS machine of our machine so we can verify whether we need to update the BIOS.
$ sudo apt-get install dmidecode
$ sudo dmidecode -s bios-version
G2ET99WW (2.59 )

Next, we need to download the bootable ISO we can can update the changes to the BIOS. Go to, search by your machine model and find the relevant files. See screenshot below.

Download the ISO file and verify it with the checksum.
$ md5sum g2uj29us.iso
396cdaedf7d8871428d249f1be0c5b2d  g2uj29us.iso

Since I've never try booting an ISO through grub, hence we will try this method.
$ sudo apt-get install grub-imageboot
$ sudo mkdir -p /boot/images
$ sudo cp g2uj29us.iso /boot/images/

Update Grub to detect the ISO image.
$ sudo update-grub 
Generating grub configuration file ...
Warning: Setting GRUB_TIMEOUT to a non-zero value when 
GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT is set is no longer supported.
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-23-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-23-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-20-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-20-generic
Found memtest86+ image: /memtest86+.elf
Found memtest86+ image: /memtest86+.bin
Found memdisk: /memdisk
Found iso image: /boot/images/g2uj29us.iso

Restart your lappy and press F12 and boot through the USB thumb drive. However, this method did not work as the updating process froze and can't proceed ahead. Since, nothing was happened after 30 minutes, I've decided to proceed with BIOS updating through USB thumb drive.
$ sudo apt-get install genisoimage
$ geteltorito g6uj14us.iso > biosupdate.img
$ sudo dd if=biosupdate.img of=/dev/sdb bs=1M

Plugged in the USB thumb drive and try again. Read and follow the instruction, plugged in the power adapter. Select the second option, `2. Update system program` and after reboot, if you see below screenshot, then BIOS flashing was working as intended.

Double confirm that the BIOS have been updated.
$ sudo apt-get install dmidecode
$ sudo dmidecode -s bios-version
G2ET99WW (2.73 )

This Week I Learned 2018 - Week 26

Last week post or something else from archive.

What does meetup these days feel like? Same old same old. It has been so long since I last went for a local meetup without last minutes cancellation or interruption (from my end). Few key observations. First, never interrupt and overshadow the main presenter. Participants should complement the content of the main presenter and sadly most of the time, the discussion was sidetracked into something else. Second, working with right people and challenging problems can be a catalyst to improve your technical abilities and increase your exposures. Third, there is no need to justify any tools of your choice. Sometimes, we use certain tools because we simply like it. Nothing more and nothing less.

Why Colistin have been slowly introduced to our food chain?

想找一个比较好做的事?绝无此事。理当做好自己的本分,做该做的事。别蹉跎(cuō tuó),浪费时间。

Building another laptop? Thinkpad x230 is a good base laptop before mod right now.

Good books by Malaysian authors? It never occurred to me to read "great" (subjective here as popularity does not equal good) books by local writers. Nevertheless, below are the list of writers: Tash AwTan Twan EngAdibah AminRehman RashidRamlee Awang MurshidShirley LimYangsze Choo, and Amir Muhammad.

How do you identify different colour patterns of Betta fish? We always having a hard time remembering which colour patterns. Some good examples (PDF) by Megan Woodrow:

How often should you change your water in Betta growing up tank? Daily with 50% till 90% water changes. No wonder our fry was growing at inconsistent rates and sizes. Optimum growth size is 8 till 12 weeks to reach show grade size.