UMT MOOC: Ornamental Fish Culture - Topic 7: Seed Production - Factors to be Considered for Feeding - Feeding Schedule

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During our discussions with other Betta sp. breeders locally or through YouTube videos, most breeders use different types of feeds when rearing from larvae, fries, to fingerling. Below are the list of live feeds used. Due to cost and convenient, some breeders use only Daphnia (live or frozen) as the only food source for all stages of Betta sp. life.

(1) Larvae phase: Baby Brine Shrimp (BBS) or Artemia, Infusoria, or Daphina.
(2) Fry phase: BBS, Daphina, Tubifex, Bloodworms (larvae of Chironomidae), or Vinegar Eels.
(3) Fingerling phase: Formulated fish pellet, DaphinaTubifexBloodworms, or Vinegar Eels.

Different fish species have different diet requirements and feeding habits. While Herbivorous fish (plant diet), carnivorous fish (animal diet), or omnivorous fish (plant and animal diet) have different nutrition needs, during the larvae and fry phase, most ornamental fishes share the common live feeds as shown in the slide (Source: UMT MOOC Ornamental Fish Culture) below.


Based on the feeding schedule above, we can assert that the breeding and growing environment is in natural surrounding with lots exposure to sunlight and vegetation as the available food source came from microalgae, Rotifier sp., and Copepod. Due to space constraint and we have to breed and growth fishes indoor, the combination of Artemia and Miona nauplii (first 35 days) with pellet or worms (35 days onwards) will be the preferred choices for non-natural environment.

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